By S. C. Todd

Lysias was once the major Athenian speech-writer of the iteration (403-380 BC) following the Peloponnesian battle, and his speeches shape a number one resource for all features of the background of Athenian society in this interval. The speeches are broadly learn this day, now not least as a result of their simplicity of linguistic kind. This simplicity is usually misleading, even though, and one of many goals of this remark is to assist the reader examine the rhetorical suggestions of every of the speeches and the customarily hugely tendentious manipulation of argument. This quantity comprises the textual content itself (reproduced from Carey's OCT and equipment criticus), with a dealing with translation. each one speech gets an in depth advent, overlaying basic questions of interpretation. within the lemmatic part of the observation, person words are tested intimately, offering a detailed examining of the Greek textual content. to maximise accessibility, the Greek lemmata are followed by means of translation, and person Greek phrases are commonly transliterated. this is often the 1st a part of a projected multi-volume statement at the speeches and fragments, on the way to be the 1st complete observation on Lysias in sleek times.

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Even if he too may have a weapon’). The kai is significant the following (‘he too’, sc. ‘as good as I/we’), because it implies what Lysias took care to suppress within the narrative, that a few a minimum of of the posse had taken excellent care to arm themselves (see (§24nn δ δα λαβ ντε and γυµν ν στηκ τα; cf. additionally §27n). The query of even if the legislations explicitly prohibited using a knife on a captured moikhos is mentioned at §49n. 104 Andrapodon looks fifty eight instances within the Orators (only four in Lysias), overwhelmingly within the plural (though it's used of a hypothetical abductee at Lys. thirteen. 67), and customarily while a man’s resources are being summarised in contexts of property-exchange (Lys. four. 1) or confiscation (Lys. 12. eight, 19) or inheritance (Isai. eight. 35). it truly is remarkable that the 2 latter units of examples relate to slaves whose functionality is explicitly to generate profits (for which cf. additionally Andok. 1. 38), notwithstanding the time period is used additionally in a few demanding situations to torture (e. g. Ant. 1. 6–12; Andok. 1. 22), and in Demosthenes’ well-known and repeated dictum approximately slaves being ‘answerable with their our bodies’ (Dem. 22. fifty five; 24. 167). one zero five This element is made through Mactoux (1980: 58): examples are available either in legislation quoted by means of the Orators (hubris legislation at Aiskhin. 1. 15 and at Dem. 21. forty seven; legislation aside from slaves from the palaistra and different homoerotic ambitions at Aiskhin. 1. 138–139, legislation on murder proclamation at Dem. forty three. fifty eight; the ms studying of the legislation at Lys. 10. 19 includes the fem. doule¯ however the archaic masc. oikeus), and likewise in epigraphic texts (rewards for slave-informers at Koresos in IG ii2, 1128. 18, 28; differential consequences for offences devoted by way of slaves within the silver coinage legislations [SEG, 26 [1976–77], seventy two. 30] and within the lex sacra prohibiting elimination of wooden from the sanctuary of Apollo Erithaseos [IG ii2, 1362. 9–10]). 106 Of the 9 makes use of of masc. doulos in Lysias (there also are examples of fem. doule¯, with 117 masc. and 14 fem. makes use of within the Orators overall), 3 shape the foundation of allegations opposed to Agoratos (13. 18, sixty four) and Nikomakhos (30. 27), and one more 4 serve to explain the runaway slave of Nikomedes in Lys. 23 (itself an implicit allegation opposed to the opponent Pankleon). 107 Oiketai are used to tie up a rival in the condo at Lys. frag. 279 opposed to Tesis §4, but in addition allegedly to grub up the olive-roots at Lys. 7. 19 (cf. Dem. forty seven. fifty two, the place the oiketai are pointed out on the degree while the rivals have come onto the speaker’s land yet are nonetheless outdoor his courtyard). also they are stumbled on as hypothetical attendants in a road fight (Lys. three. 33) and within the context of a problem to torture (Lys. four. 15). total, the notice seems 134 occasions within the Orators, together with 7 in Lysias. 108 different attainable phrases for slaves comprise akolouthos (see 6. 21n), paidiske¯ (1. 12n), and probably paidion (3. 33n). Diakonos is located seven occasions within the Orators, yet no longer in Lysias. For using pais (‘child’ extra frequently than ‘slave’) in Lysias, see 1. 32n. 1. Killing of Eratosthenes: observation §§42–44 143 ὡς µετὰ πλείστων δὲ µαρτύρων (‘so that .

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