By Arnold Hughes
A Political heritage of the Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political background of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian authentic and personal documentary resources, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the booklet charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its enlargement into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after global conflict II. through independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated via a brand new, rural-based political employer, the People's revolutionary celebration (PPP). the second one a part of the booklet analyzes the skill through which the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either present and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The booklet closes with an evidence of the loss of life of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The ebook not just establishes these unique elements of Gambian political historical past, but additionally relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, throughout the colonial and independence classes.
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Extra resources for A Political History of the Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
H. Jones at Salikene within the Baddibu district of the North financial institution. fifty seven even if in the beginning no longer at the govt Committee of the Gambia part, he it sounds as if served as department treasurer for a brief interval among 1920 and 1922. fifty eight 1922 Legislative Council “Election” regardless of the defection of Forster, the placement of the Gambia part seemed promising before everything of 1921. by means of the top of 1922, issues have been very diversified. First, Governor Captain C. H. (later Sir Cecil) Armitage reappointed S. J. Forster to the council for a fourth time period in March 1922, even if his predecessor, Sir Edward Cameron, who used to be it appears angered via Forster’s failure to wait the legit Peace Celebrations to mark the tip of worldwide battle I, had given him to appreciate that he couldn't count on extra nomination. yet Armitage thought of him the single articulate and precious unofficial member of the council. He additionally defined him because the “most enlightened local member of the community,” most likely due to his steadfast competition to the Congress, and was once consequently unwilling to lose his prone. fifty nine moment, and maybe extra importantly, Bathurst’s Muslims largely became opposed to the Congress following the appointment of Ousman Jeng because the first Muslim member of the Legislative Council in March 1922. The catalyst for this crucial second in Gambian politics was once the appointment of Armitage as governor in December 1920. Armitage have been leader commissioner of the Northern Territories of the Gold Coast the place he used to be referred to as a powerful suggest of mainly associations. 60 He was resolute to strengthen chieftaincy in Gambia and made up our minds that after Bishop’s time period at the Legislative Council expired in November 1921, he might be changed via a Muslim leader. in spite of the fact that, in contrast to within the Gold Coast, the place chiefs have been represented at the Legislative Council in view that 1916, or Nigeria, the place they served at the Nigerian Council, there has been no Gambian leader with adequate schooling that allows you to take part successfully. sixty one as a result, Armitage made up our minds to nominate a member of Bathurst’s Muslim neighborhood, yet to refer to with the chiefs sooner than making his selection; this might accordingly contain an extraordinary instance of the Protectorate partaking within the political technique. via November 1921, the governor’s plans had turn into public wisdom and rival applicants had emerged. One was once Jeng, whose reason was once championed via Momadu N’Jai, the present Almami of Bathurst; a “Committee of Bathurst Muslims” led by means of Yerim N’Dure, the president of the Almami’s Advisory 90 Patrician Politics within the period of the Forsters, 1886–1941 Committee; and the long run Almami, Omar Sowe (Jeng’s father-in-law), who was once additionally a member of this Advisory Committee. sixty two the opposite candidate was once Sheikh Omar Fye, who performed a key position in Gambian politics until eventually the overdue Forties. Fye was once born in Bathurst in 1889 and was once as a result more youthful than his rival. He used to be a Wolof and a Tijani; like Jeng, he used to be in a position to communicate and write English in addition to Arabic, having most likely been expert at a undertaking tuition.
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