By Philip D. Curtin
Curtin combines sleek learn and statistical equipment along with his huge wisdom of the sphere to offer the 1st book-length quantitative research of the Atlantic slave exchange. Its easy facts indicates revision of at present held reviews about the position of the slave alternate within the economies of the outdated global countries and their American colonies.
“Curtin’s paintings won't merely be the place to begin for all destiny examine at the slave alternate and comparative slavery, yet becomes an quintessential reference for an individual drawn to Afro-American studies.”—Journal of yank History
“Curtin has produced a stimulating monograph, the fabricated from immaculate scholarship, opposed to which all previous and destiny reports should be judged.”—Journal of yank Studies
“Professor Curtin’s new e-book is as much as his conventional usual of functionality: in the limits he set for himself, The Atlantic Slave alternate may possibly hardly ever be a greater or extra vital book.”—American historic Review
“Curtin has written a brilliantly provocative ebook that are meant to bring about a variety of new inquiries.”—Hispanic American historic Review
About the Author
Philip D. Curtin (1922-2009) was once writer of a dead ringer for Africa and Jamaicas. He edited Africa Remembered, a set of narratives by means of former slaves and others fascinated about the slave alternate. He was once a member of the dep. of historical past on the college of Wisconsin from 1956-1975. From 1975 until eventually the time of his demise, he used to be a member of the school of Johns Hopkins collage.
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Extra resources for The Atlantic Slave Trade
D. thesis, collage of California, 1939), p. ninety four. 12. G. Aguirre Beltran, l. a. poblaci6n neg1'a de Mexico, 1519-1810 (Mexico, D. F. , 1946), p. 220; R. MeIIafe, l. a. esclavitud en Hispanoamerica (Buenos Aires, 1964), pp. 58-60. 24 THE ATLANTIC SLAVE alternate The husband-and-wife workforce of Pierre and Hugette Chaunu present in their enormous examine of the Seville exchange that licenses have been issued for 263 ships among 1551 and 1595, with a regular allowance of 138 piezas in step with send. thirteen To this recorded overall of 36,294 piezas for 1551-95 (810 annual average), it would be acceptable so as to add 500 slaves a 12 months for the interval 1521-50the overall of 15,000 being deliberately huge with a view to account for the trickle that entered the Spanish American possessions prior to 1521, and for a few among 1551 and 1595 that may have escaped the Chaunu internet. we're accordingly left with the figures in desk five, representing the Spanish American slave imports among 1521 and 1773. (The double set of estimates for 1595 is unavoidable within the facts as present in the literature, however the measure of blunders brought isn't major. ) This overall of 700,000 is particularly larger than Deerr's estimate of 450,000 for the slave alternate to Spanish the US within the asiento period-and Deerr considers that interval to increase as much as 1789, possibly simply because sure features of the Spanish slave alternate have been nonetheless managed throughout the latter a part of the eighteenth century. 14 The determine could, certainly, be a bit at the excessive part, thirteen. Chaunu, Seville et l'Atlantique, desk 188, 6:402-3 and textual content 6:41-42. Mellafe additionally gave a count number of the variety of slaves supplied for by way of the asientos of 1551-1640, his overall being "approximately 100,000 slaves," yet Aguirre's count number has the looks of better precision and is as a result taken as an alternative. Mellafe, furthermore, used the Chaunu facts, giving the complete variety of ships approved as 1,207 totaling approximately 142,426 toneladas, which he evaluates at a complete import of 350,000 slaves of every age and either sexes. those totals fluctuate from these in desk 22, simply because Mellafe didn't right for the blunders of addition within the unique Chaunu desk (Seville et l' Atlantique, 6:402-3, desk 188). He additionally it sounds as if switched over from toneladas to slaves on the fee of two. four slaves consistent with tonelada, whereas the Chaunus mentioned that the contracts themselves allowed nearly 1. 2 piezas in step with tonelada. (1:310-13). The conversion from piezas to members via doubling isn't really appropriate, yet Mellafe's count number for the asientos of 1641-1773 has been authorized. Mellafe offers this datum as "Negroes imported" although it sounds as if from the context to be the variety of piezas licensed. Mellafe's personal estimate of Spanish American slave imports for this era is way greater (Mellafe, Esclavitud, p. 59). 14. Deerr, heritage of Sugar, 2:281. 25 The Hispanic exchange desk five ESTIMATES OF SPANISH-AMERICAN SLAVE IMPORTS, 1521-50 1551-95 1595-1640 1641-1773 overall 1521--1773 No. 15,000 36,300 132,600 516,100 700,000 Annual standard 500 810 2,880 3,880 2,770 resource: See textual content, pp.
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